The printed circuit board is considered one of the most important technological inventions ever made. The electronics and engineering world was changed by the introduction of PCBs. The printed circuit board marked the start of the improvement of creating electronic hardware through circuit interconnections. A few components and just a printed circuit board can be made into an outstanding device with different functionalities. The history of how small these components have turned into such great works of art started with its inventor, Paul Eisler.

circuit boardPaul Eisler was considered a genius for inventing the printed circuit board in 1936. He had contributed huge amounts of knowledge in the electronics industry, making him the Father of Printed Circuits. The idea behind a printed circuit board, or in its abbreviated form, PCB, started sometime around in 1930 when Paul Eisler thought of a way to improve laying out circuits through the use of a printing technology. At the time, the world of circuitry utilized interconnections of wirings, which are very much complex and prone to error as compared to today’s technology.

Basically, the way engineers do electronics way back in the 1930s was pure manual – without the aid of any technology to improve and speed up the process. Since the printing technology is already accessible, Paul Eisler thought of this a way to make creating circuits less complicated. He thought of using conducting inks as a way to create circuits without the aid of wirings.

During that time, Nazis were persecuting people and the only way Paul Eisler can escape is to accept a job offer in England. He sold his patents on PCBs, but the idea was thought of as ineffective that is why it never really sold well. Due to rejections, in 1943, Paul Eisler thought of a way to integrate PCBs into something with a practical use. He created a radio in which his invention is a main component. He filed a patent for his creation, until such time the American Government had taken notice of his work.

The radio with the PCB was used among the American government’s many war technologies and it was only then that Paul Eisler gained recognition and received the lifetime reward of being a great contributor in the electronics industry. The PCB technology then evolved, creating even more products through practical applications to make people’s lives better. The electronics industry also began to make devices through the PCB and its functionality, until such time that PCBs have become a main part when it comes to electronic hardware.

The evolution of PCBs began during Paul Eisler’s era. Today, PCBs are made in small sizes, making them the best option in lowering costs and reducing the effort of manually creating and interconnecting wires from component to component. Though much have changed ever since the PCBs were invented in the 1930s, the demands of the market today also increased and the need to make Eisler’s invention better is higher year after year. The PCB, hence, is basically shifting from a basic part of an electronic hardware to an essential part of any device.

It has transitioned slowly to meet the demands of this changing era. Faster data transfer and enhanced component function should be the main target of the upcoming versions of the PCB. Surely, everything in today’s world of technology is focused on keeping things fast-paced, and PCBs should be one of them. The development and improvement of the PCB solely depends on how fast young engineers and researchers continue the legacy the inventor had left.

With the technology available today, it is of no doubt that PCBs will still develop and greater functionality will be achieved. These, and only these, would not be possible without the creator of it all, the man behind the history of PCB – Paul Eisler.

Music, as they say, is a universal language. In all culture, music is the collective medium that brings people together because of its power to awaken emotions. This emotional hook that touches the soul is what makes people choose music as part of funeral services.

funeralMusic can tap the long, lost memories of yesteryears that make funeral services more personal and meaningful. Because funeral music will set the tone of the whole service, it’s important for funeral planners to include music in the early planning stages.

Music creates a healing atmosphere while also continuing to pay tribute to the deceased. It can be played before, after or during the funeral ceremony. It’s up to you to decide on the appropriate time to play it. After all, it will set the mood of the attendees.

There is no uniform music that anyone can use for funeral services. Some like to stick to the solemn, traditional, and religious hymns for an inspiring yet emotional mood. Though songs like “Ave Maria” and “Amazing Grace” are Christian, they can still awaken heartfelt emotions in a secular family.

You can also ask someone to perform at the funeral service like a musically inclined relative for a meaningful participation. Sometimes, close family or friends may be too overwhelmed by emotion to perform, so you must help them prepare for it or hire someone. You can also employ funeral singers and musicians to sing or play your chosen music or the departed’s requested last song.

The chapel or church’s choir can also offer the series of their community choir. You can request their director in advance for some songs that you’d wish them to perform. You may also ask to see the list of songs that they’re going to sing during the ceremony if you want some changes.

The growing trend in funeral services is the use of unconventional and upbeat music. They may be pop songs or even rock songs that represent the individuality of the person. Such songs may not sound formal to some, but these remind the mourners of their connection with the deceased.

The last music you can play for them is part of their legacy. Just imagine the person listening to the song and see if he likes it. This new paradigm of playing upbeat music is slowly becoming acceptable as long as it signifies the celebration of the person’s life and that this precious life is worth living.

If you are tasked to choose the music for the memorial service, select the hymns that convey the person’s personality, spiritual belief, cultural background, or even his lifestyle. It’s always better to check the lyrics first to determine if it is appropriate to the venue and the mourners. You can also give a short introduction for all the attendees so they can understand the significance of the song before playing it.

Music gives the grieving family and friends the chance to relate and understand the deceased in an ironically unexplainable way. There are songs that simply remind you of the way they laugh or talk. It will take you back to a certain time or place. This connection that is felt through music helps the grieving process of the bereaved.

The music that we choose at funeral will reveal a lot of things about the ones we love. Decide on songs that will stimulate the great memories, reflect their life, and offer comfort. Selecting funeral music is a deeply personal task and should be given appropriate consideration. The role of music is so vital to any memorial service because of the emotional impact it delivers. The main point of funeral music is setting the tone that will respect the memory of your loved one.

Author Bio:
Gentry Griffey Funeral Chapel and Crematory has been the premier North Knoxville funeral services since 1948. We can accommodate any need, and any budget.

Imagine the best professional golfers today playing while wearing kilts and animal hide.

This is how it was played in Scotland, during the 1700s, by people who had nothing else to do but take care of sheep.

By the 1800s golf apparel consisted of shirts with long sleeves, caps that looked like they were about to deliver newspapers and trousers that were almost totally covered by boots that reached the knee.

During the early part of the 20th century, golfers wore business suits complete with necktie and sometimes their pants tucked inside very long socks.

Even during the hottest of weathers, some players chose to play wearing their Sunday best.

golf apparelTake the case of Walter Hagen, a major winner eleven times over; he used to change in a tuxedo before playing a tournament during his winning streak during 1914 to 1936.

It may be a strategy to make his competitors think he came from a night of partying and drinking and would give them a bigger edge to beat one of the greatest golfers at that time. Of course they were mistaken.

In 1948, after clinching his third British Open Championship, Henry Cotton tried to find a possible golf apparel manufacturer who would be interested in promoting their designs. He even thought of changing his last name based on the different types of clothing materials like Double knit, Nylon and Polyester just to name a few. Unfortunately, no one took the bait.

By 1950 the sweater known as the V-neck type conquered the world of golf and was mixed with bow ties and long colorful argyle socks.

During the same time, it finally dawned on golf enthusiasts, that it did not seem right. They were wearing their slacks which were partly hidden by their knee high socks so they began covering their socks with their pants instead.

In the later years more casual clothes would take the place of the formal look and who could have worn it better than the golfer known as The King-Arnold Palmer.

The golf apparel for men transformed during the 1960s with golfers using even brighter colors. 20 time winner Doug Sanders was known as this bird with colorful feathers for his matching socks and shirt every time he plays.

Turtle necks and printed slacks were the in-thing during the 1970s. Made famous by Jack “Golden Bear” Nicklaus, winner of 20 major tournaments, he showcased his golf magic together with what he wore on the golf course. People did not only want to see how he played but what he wore too for that day.

Enter The Shark from the land down under during the 1980s. Greg Norman, winner of 2 British Opens went out of the box with his straw brimmed hat, his own clothing line and his own brand of golf clubs.

No one could miss out on his signature logo which outlined a shark by the colors orange, green, red and blue.

The 1990s showcased golf apparel by well-known designers and manufacturers while players displayed their signature emblems either on their caps or shirts.

U.S. Open Champions Corey Pavin and Lee Janzen were two players who donned their sponsors’ logos during their reign in the mid-90s.

The dawn of the 21st century had the golf apparel world test its creativity.

Shirts that blocked heat and sweat deterrent materials are being used to this day in order to protect players more during game play.

Choosing the right clothing for a golf game may be a challenge as in playing the game itself. Mixing and matching those stylish shirts with the corresponding pants could be as confusing as what club to choose on a par 5 dog leg left with wind coming in from the right.

Author Bio:

From golf polos to golf pants, rockbottomgolf have what you need to play well AND look good on the course! From all the hottest name brands like Oakley, Ashworth, Callaway, and more, you're sure to be the best dressed when you hit the course.

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During World War I, a French soldier was presented a custom coin by an American fighter pilot. This action marked the beginning of the history of custom coins.

Die Struck Manufacturing Process

Custom CoinsCustom coins that went through this process have longer durability. A die struck coin will produce a higher-pitched sound if its edge is lightly tapped. The coin will not have tool markings when it will undergo polishing. It's more affordable than the die cast coin and can have simple designs.

This process only makes use of an industrial hydraulic press. A coil of metal will be inserted into the hydraulic press. The hydraulic press will use the "master die" to stamp the design on the metal and cut the metal.

Die Cast Manufacturing Process

Custom coins that undergo this process typically have a zinc alloy. The process is applicable for a coin that's 6-20 millimeters thick or has a complex design. If a die cast coin is lightly tapped on its edge, it will produce a lower-pitched sound. Even though the coin is polished, it will still have tool markings and nodules. A coin that undergoes a die cast manufacturing process is more dense and stronger. The coin will have cracks if it's overheated during the manufacturing process.

This process has the following steps:

1. A sculptor will create a clay model that's based on the coin's design. The model may be four to twelve times bigger than the coin's actual size.

2. Plaster will be poured over the clay model. The sculptor may repeat this process many times until he or she is satisfied with the plaster mold.

3. Epoxy will be poured into the plaster mold to create an epoxy mold.

4. The epoxy mold will be mounted onto a transfer-engraver. There's a stylus at the end of the transfer-engraver. As the stylus moves, it will trace the epoxy mold. The transfer-engraver's ratio bar will reduce the epoxy mold's design to the coin's actual size. The carbide tool at the opposite end of the transfer-engraver will cut the reduced design into a "master hub"

5. A sculptor will examine the "master hub" for any imperfection.

6. A heat-treated metal will be placed under a computerized lathe. The lathe is a machine that smooths and polishes the metal into a blank die. A "master hub" will be pressed into the blank die so that a "master die" can be created.

7. The "master die" will be kept in a storage.

8. A coil of metal will be fed through a blanking press so that the blanks can be produced. The blanking press punches out circular disks that have the coin's actual size. Leftover metal scraps will be recycled for future use.

9. The blanks will undergo heating until they cool down. They will then be placed in industrial washing machines and dryers.

10. The blanks will be placed in revolving barrels or tubs that are filled with an acidic pickling agent. The acidic pickling agent polishes the blanks.

11. The blanks will be sifted through a "riddler". The "riddler" is a metal sheet with holes that have the same size as the actual coin. It weeds out odd-sized blanks.

12. Blanks with the size of an actual coin will undergo a coining press. The coining press uses the "master die" to stamp the blanks with the coin's design.

13. At this point, the stamped blanks are now called "custom coins". The coins will be inspected by a press operator. They will be sifted through the "riddler" again when the press operator is done with inspection.

14. The coins will pass through an automatic counting machine. The machine will spit out a certain number of coins before dropping them into large bags.

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Talent management is the process of acquiring human expertise in a particular field in the most optimized way possible, be it using the least cost, time, or efforts. For the human resources arm of any organization, an improved system of managing talent is of high importance especially if the organization mostly depends on human capital. The function of the human resources with regards to management of talent is mostly developing strategies and recruitment techniques to encourage and invite highly capable individuals to match their requirements. A strategic approach to talent management should be a major focus to develop not only a particular skill but also honing the leadership skills, managerial skills, among others. Highly capable individuals are a great asset to any organization.

The process includes having a clear understanding of the skills an organization needs in the coming years. Seeing into the future and assessing the human resources requirements is essential to avoid waste of company money, effort and time. It should be noted how valuable the role an effective human management can provide in a long term basis.

This employs the use of different strategies and techniques to be able to acquire recruits, develop, train, and become an efficient addition to the workforce to ultimately achieve the goals of the company. Realizing the importance of building up a strategic approach to talent management is of great value especially since there may be instances of talent scarcity or high competition. An effective management team knows how to react to competition, and how to manage them. Performance based companies are focused mainly on how to attract, improve, retain and involve the employees inside the organization.

An important concept in aspect of human resource management is its being a competency based management. There are particular competency criteria that should be satisfied, and these criteria should be aligned with the company's goals and objectives. These competency sets are the usually the basis of the decisions associated with this HR function. Some human resource teams have specific competency positions from which they draw their objectives and goals during talent management. These criteria may include experience in the area of expertise, knowledge, and attitude, among others. Some approaches include building of competency models for a more organized flow of the process.

The success of an organization is dependent mostly on how effective and committed the people working for it are. Organizations are run by people and proper management of people means success for the company. Any organization should have an integrated and thoroughly planned process for recruiting, training, managing, and compensating the employees. This process does not only focus on attracting people, but it also covers how to maintain and retain the people already inside the company. It is also important to know and understand the existing working conditions and how do the people respond to it, and how to make it better. Developing the skill of staff members is the best way to let them grow and provide even better service to the organization. It is the duty of the human resources team to make sure that the people within the company are provided with enough knowledge, training, and expertise to be able to live up to the goals of the company.

The ideal working condition wherein the employees are always on their 100% working mode is achievable through effective talent management. The human resources personnel should know how to identify the weak and strong points of an employee in order to improve his her potentials. This aspect of HR management is a relatively new science, but if used accordingly, can provide improved business values on top of the business success.